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April 03, 2006

Rhetorical Devices Worksheet







Verbal Rhetoric Worksheet



Verbal Rhetoric Worksheet

Surface Rhetorical Strategies

Strategy

Example

Term

Repetition of sounds

Nattering nabobs of negativism.

alliteration, assonance

Repetition of words or phrases

Lies, damned lies, and statistics.

climax

Repetition at the beginning or end of a phrase or sentence

In 1931, ten years ago, Japan invaded Manchukuo -- without warning.

In 1935, Italy invaded Ethiopia -- without warning. In 1938, Hitler occupied Austria -- without warning.

In 1939, Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia -- without warning. Later in '39, Hitler invaded Poland -- without warning. In 1940, Hitler invaded Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg -- without warning.

Anaphora, epistrophe

Omission of word(s)

government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth

asyndeton

Extra word(s)

Planes and boats and trains.

Smith, in my humble opinion, is the best person for the job.

polysyndeton

Parallelism

For friends who loved and cared for me, and for a God who spared me, and for a family who understood, I am eternally grateful.

 

 



 

Contextual Rhetorical Strategies

Strategy

Example

Appeal to emotion (includes but is not limited to Glasser’s six basic needs: Freedom, love, belonging, power, fun, survival)

The Tibetan struggle is not about my personal position or wellbeing, but about the freedom, basic rights and the cultural preservation of six million Tibetans, as well as the protection of the Tibetan environment.

Appeal to authority

Five out of six dentists use …

Pattern of opposition (usually takes the form of us vs. them)

Well, the trouble with our liberal friends is not that they are ignorant, but that they know so much that isn't so.

Figurative language

·         Metaphor

·         Simile

·         Symbol

·         Personification

 

Allusion (reference to a famous person, usually literary)

an evil empire” (the Soviet Union)

Exaggeration

I’ll die if you don’t marry me.

Ambiguity

 

Pun

 

Omission (pretended)

I won’t mention my opponent’s extramarital affairs.

Rhetorical question

And ain’t I a woman?

Reticence (false modesty or disclaimer)

Sometimes I mangle the English language.

Subordination of clauses

 

Coordination of clauses

I have some very sad news for all of you, and, I think, sad news for all of our fellow citizens, and people who love peace all over the world; and that is that Martin Luther King was shot and was killed tonight in Memphis, Tennessee.

Definition

'manhood suffrage,' or a man's government, is civil, religious, and social disorganization.”

Contrast, distinction

Today we celebrate not the victory of a party, but a victory for all the people of South Africa.

Short clauses / sentences

There is a crisis in communications. Confusion is in the air. But we cannot afford to lose our way. We may agree to agree; or agree to disagree on issues; we must bring back civility to these tensions.

Long clauses / sentences

I have some very sad news for all of you, and, I think, sad news for all of our fellow citizens, and people who love peace all over the world; and that is that Martin Luther King was shot and was killed tonight in Memphis, Tennessee.

Passive voice

Mistakes were made.

 


Posted by shale at April 3, 2006 02:59 PM

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