The Code of Hammurabi is the oldest legal code unearthed by archaeologists. Compiled by King Hammurabi in the 18th century B.C.E., this collection of rulings governed the economic, political, and social aspects of Sumerian life. Archaeologists first discovered the code in 1901 inscribed on a seven-foot tall, six-foot around stone pillar. Though called a law code, Hammurabi's Code is actually a series of rulings that the king made in specific cases. The laws are thus more akin to present-day court rulings than to a formal system of laws. Still, Hammurabi's Code provides us with a valuable glimpse into the values and arrangements of Sumerian society.