History 1112: World History II

The Ancien Regime and the Intellectual Challenges of the 17th and 18th Centuries

I. Introduction

II. Monarchy

At the top of the class pyramid stood the King, who--in theory--ruled the nation of France with no restraint under the doctrine of Absolutism.

B. France's Bourbon Dynasty

III. The Church (the First Estate)

IV. Nobility (the Second Estate)

V. Everybody Else (the Third Estate) 97% of population

VI. Intellectual Challenges

VII. Conclusion